The drug Doxycycline first came into use in the year 1967. It is listed as the most important drug for basic health system in the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines. Doxycycline is the generic name and the trade names for this drug are Doxylin, Doxyhexal, and Doryx etc. It is generally administered through mouth. This medication is given only with a prescription and is generally inexpensive. Doxycycline is found in a regular, coated capsule, syrup, tablet, suspension which are all orally administered. The ideal dosage is once or twice daily. Though, the doctor will give the best of instructions for its consumption.
Composition of Doxycycline
This drug contains doxycycline hyclate. It is a crystalline powder, yellow in colour which dissolves in water and other alkali carbonate and hydroxide solutions. The inactive ingredients present in the capsule form are:
- Starch wheat
- Microcrystalline cellulose
- Cellulosic polymer coating
- Magnesium Stearate
- D and C yellow No. 10
- Silicon dioxide
- Titanium dioxide
- Sodium lauryl sulphate
- FD and C yellow No. 6
- FD and C blue No. 1
Uses of Doxycycline
This drug is used for the treatment of infections caused by bacteria, which includes pneumonia and many other respiratory tract infections, acne, Lyme disease, infections in the urinary, skin, and genital systems, and even anthrax (after inhalational exposure). Doxycycline can also be used for preventing malaria. It belongs to the group of drugs called tetracycline antibiotics. It helps in abolishing the spread and growth of the bacteria. This antibiotic will not work in case of flu, common cold, and other types of viral infections.
Side-effects of Doxycycline
There are many side-effects resulting from the use of this medication. Some of these side-effects are mentioned below:
- Stomach or abdominal tenderness
- Tarry, black stools
- Dark urine
- Clay-coloured stools
- Fast heartbeat
- Decreased appetite
- Fast heartbeat
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Puffiness, hives, swelling, itching near the ayes or eyelids, lips, tongue, or face
- Rash, welts or hives, itching
- Swelling of the joints
- Increased thirst
- Muscle or joint pain
- Reduced appetite
- Vomiting and nausea
- Tingling or numbness of the hands, face, or feet
- Soreness or redness of the eyes
- Sore throat
- Stomach cramps
- Skin turning red
- Sores inside the mouth
- Swollen lymph glands
- Unusual signs of weight loss
- Unusual weakness or tiredness
- Chest tightening
- Yellow skin or eyes
- Blurred vision
- Bleeding gums
- Cracked skin
- Double vision
Contraindications of Doxycycline
The various conditions under which the individual must be refrained from the consumption of the medication are:
- Allergic reaction to tetracyclines
- Difficulty with the passage of the food through the food pipe
- High pressure inside the skull
- Clostridium Difficile Bacteria Related Colitis
Doxycycline and pregnancy
This medication is prohibited to pregnant women and children under the age of eight as it can disrupt the tooth and bone development. Therefore, the pregnant woman should inform the doctor in advance about her pregnancy.
Treat Infection with Doxycycline
The drug is used for treating infections caused by certain bacteria. It may also be useful for prevention or slowing the progression of anthrax. Doxycycline may also be used for treating other conditions as directed by your doctor.
Doxycycline is a tetracycline antibiotic. It works by affecting the production of proteins causing bacterial growth. Inhibiting bacterial growth enables the body’s defense mechanisms to destroy them.
You should avoid using Doxycycline if:
you have allergic reaction to any component in Doxycycline
you are taking birth control pills, acitretin, oral or penicillins
What medicines and conditions may interact with Doxycycline:
Tell your physician if any of the following applies to you:
- you are breast-feeding
- you are pregnant, or plan to get pregnant, or
- if you are using prescription or nonprescription drugs including dietary supplements
- if you have allergic reaction to any substance
- if you suffer from have stomach or intestinal infection, diarrhea, or blood disease called porphyria
- you use barbiturates, hydantoins, carbamazepine or penicillins (these drugs may reduce effectiveness of Doxycycline)
- you use isotretinoin or acitretin (drug combination may cause increased pressure inside the skull)
- you use Methotrexate, Anticoagulants or methoxyflurane(they may decrease the effect of Doxycycline)
- you use birth control pills
This may not be a full list of interactions. Check with your health care provider Doxycycline may interact with other drugs. Do not stop taking Doxycycline even your condition has much improved. Only your doctor may tell you when to stop taking it or change your dosage.
Important things to know about Doxycycline
Medicines are made to improve the health condition of medically unfit people. Mostly those people use medicines who suffer with any health disease. There is also a class of those people who take medicines to build their bodies and to keep their body fit. Here I shall only discuss about a medicine which is particularly made for the treatment of bacterial infection. For last 10 years, a great rise in bacterial infections have been noticed and considering this thing it was necessary to introduce a medicine that can effectively treat many bacterial problem. Now days, a medicine names Doxycycline is being used for this purpose. The ability of working can easily be judged by the demand of this medicine that is increasing very rapidly. Considering the demand of Doxycycline, the production has increased to manifolds and now the pharmaceutical companies are trying to meet the needs of people. Basically this is a antibiotic medicine that fights against bacterial action. It also helps white blood cells to fight against bacterial infection. You can use this medicine for many bacterial infections and some of them are acne, bumps, blemishes, urinary tract infections, gum disease and gonorrhea. Its use for facial redness is prohibited because it may cause it more severe. Besides this, you may also ask your doctor about many more bacterial infections which can easily be treated with the help of Doxycycline.
Here are some important guidelines for those people who are totally unaware with the use of Doxycycline. You should not use this medicine if doctor has confirmed your pregnancy. Its use without the recommendation of professional doctor may cause severe problems for your unborn baby and as well as for your health. Some women take this medicine with the birth control pills. Doctors stop the women to take both medicines at the same time because Doxycycline can reduce the working of birth control pills. Besides this, you should also tell your doctor about the medicines you are currently taking for the treatment of other infections. It is possible that the use of Doxycycline with other medicine may create problems for your health.
Your doctor must also have the knowledge about those health diseases which you are currently facing. Liver disease, kidney disease and asthma are some of those health problems which can be very problems causing if Doxycycline is taken during these health diseases. Use plenty of water when you start taking this medicine. It would be very effective for your medical infection treatment.
Let us discuss about the availability of this medicine. There are many medical stores which are selling this medicine at cheap rate. These medicines are very affordable that a common person can purchase them without any problem. You can also purchase it from online medical stores any time without visiting the medical store. Its use according to the prescription is very necessary. I have seen many people who do not take it on regular basis and sometimes become the victim of serious injuries. You can get more knowledge about Doxycycline medicine from internet.
Doxycycline and Its Effective use for Bacterial Infections
Medicines are made for those people who suffer with any kind of health problem. A lot of people become the victim of health diseases daily and they go to the doctor for their treatment. Doctors do a complete checkup of their patients and give them the best treatment according to their health condition. Since the numbers of health diseases have increased to a great extent so it becomes very necessary for scientists to make more medicines. Keeping this thing in mind, more companies have started this business and started producing medicines. In present ear, many pharmaceutical companies are producing medicines and these medicines are being used by the patients. The effectiveness of a medicine is different from the one that is being produced by any other company. Since different companies have started producing medicines so the quality level of a same medicine is different. Every company is trying to produce those medicines which can be sold at cheap rate and have the ability to give desired results to their patients in a short time.
Let us discuss about the side effects of doxycycline. Doxycycline does not have any severe side effects but still you should be careful about its use if you are taking it according to the recommendation of doctor. Side effects of doxycycline are gum diseases, acne, Gonorrhea, Chlamydia and urinary tract infections. These side effects are not very harmful if they are treated at very initial stage. There are many people who do not give importance to their health and do not consult with their doctor despite of getting side effect. You can also get some less common side effects due to the use of doxycycline so you should be in contact with your doctor so that you can tell him your health problem in case of emergency.
The use of doxycycline should be done as per the prescription of an experienced doctor. Usually doctors do not recommend this medicine to pregnant women and those women, who are breast feeding their offspring. There are many doctors who claim that offspring can get serious problems from their mother. The mother should take every medicine according to the advice of her family doctor. Doxycycline is not a good medicine for those who taking contraceptive pills to avoid pregnancy. The use of contraceptive pills along with the doxycycline medicine can cause very severe problems for the user’s health.
Doctors ask their patients if they have any allergic to any medicine. After knowing this thing, they decide either doxycycline is good for the patient or not. Besides this information, doctors also ask their patients about the health diseases they are suffering with. Liver disease, asthma and kidney disease are some of those health diseases which are necessary to tell the doctor. You can also tell your doctor about the medicines you are currently using. Some medicines have negative effect on the performance of doxycycline. This knowledge is enough for the new users of doxycycline. You can know more about this medicine from internet.
How Good are Antibiotics?
Antibiotics are mostly referred as a solution to a lot of problems in the arena of health. But there are cons along with it as too much of anything is not good.
Dr. Jordan Rubin points out in The Maker’s Diet, “Our overuse of medical antibiotics has reduced the human gut to a burned-out minefield destroying the good guys along with the bad guys.”
It is true that antibiotics have helped in case of many fatal diseases which were earlier not possible. But examining the exact role of antibiotics is necessary with the proper precautions (along with problems associated with overuse) for the knowledge of the common people. The harm that antibiotics can potentially do should be known to the common people with the necessary ways of overcoming them.
It is important to have knowledge about the internal ecosystem of a human. There are about three or four pounds of fungi and bacteria living in the intestines that are beneficial for the process of digestion. They compete amongst themselves to receive food from what is consumed by the person. This process helps the good bacteria (probiotics) in keeping the bad microbes (such as yeast) in check and also making them generate nutrients like Vitamin B.
History of Antibiotics
The other names of antibiotics are mycotoxins, anti-microbials and anti-bacterials. Alexander Fleming accidentally discovered the penicillin in the year 1928. He led the other scientists to the path of antibiotics for treating many dangerous infections.
How Antibiotics Work?
Antibiotics are used for treating infection resulting from bacteria. They do not work in case of infections that stem out of fungal and viral infections. 70% of all the antibiotics are mainly used for upper respiratory infections (URIs) like sinusitis, pharyngitis and bronchitis.
The Paediatric Infectious Disease Journal states antibiotics to be mostly ineffective in the above mentioned cases. It is because many researchers have found that URIs are caused by fungi and not bacteria.
Therefore, it is important how much one wants to indulge in the use of antibiotics. In case a person is consuming farm animals, they are always receiving doses of antibiotics because majority of antibiotics are given to animals. It is not new information, but many people have been unaware of it.
Symptoms Caused by Antibiotics
Dysbiosis is an imbalance in the amount of bacteria in the digestive system caused due to the intake of antibiotics. It can have a dangerous effect on the immune system of the body of an individual. Victims have experienced many side effects like:
- Weight loss in extreme
- Abdominal pain
- Premature death
The treatment and prevention of Dysbiosis is currently one of the most challenging issue doctors are facing these days.
Apart from avoiding the regular usage of antibiotics, it is also necessary to take a look at the lifestyle choice one makes. Excessive intake of alcohol, smoking, regular sugar, lack of exercise, and increased stress levels can provide ways of hampering the immunity of the individual. Hence, promoting a healthy diet with proper exercise can be the first step in improving the overall natural defences of the body.
The Side-effects Associated with the Overuse of Antibiotics
Antibiotics are very commonly prescribed by many medical practitioners. There are two words ‘anti’ meaning against and ‘bios’ meaning life makes the word antibiotic. These drugs are mainly used for treating bacterial infections. They do not work in healing any kind of viral infections like common cold and fungal infections like ringworm. Bacteria can lead to many diseases in both humans and animals. This is where antibiotics help in killing them for treatment. The first antibiotic discovered out of the blue was penicillin. In today’s world there are numerous antibiotics available for treating infections ranging from minor to life-threatening like syphilis, salmonella, tuberculosis and certain types of meningitis. Penicillin-related medications are amoxicillin, benzyl penicillin and ampicillin. They are used very extensively these days for a number of infections.
When is it ideal to take them?
One must understand that antibiotics cannot be used for curing diseases or infections other than bacterial infections. A doctor must be consulted as he/she will be able to differentiate between bacterial and viral infections. One must avoid taking antibiotics when having a viral infection as it can make the bacteria resistant to the drug, in turn making the condition worse. The dosage as prescribed by the doctor must be taken regularly and properly as missing any dose can create resistance against the drug turning the treatment ineffective.
On the onset of any type of bacterial infection, the person may experience red tonsils and throat, fever ranging between 101 degrees, difficulty in swallowing food, tender and swollen lymph nodes present in the neck, shaking and shivers along with cold sweats and headache. Abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting are also noticed among children.
Overuse can result in Toxicity and Resistance
Overusing can lead to ‘bacterial resistance’ and antibiotic resistance’. In most situations, antibiotics help in stopping the growth or destroying bacteria, but certain bacteria are unaffected by some kind of antibiotics. When the antibiotics are consumed often, there is a higher chance of forming resistance to it. Apart from resistance, toxicity may also result inside the body at different organ, tissue or cellular level. Quinolones belong to a class of antibiotics which are known to be very toxic for cartilages, nervous system, tendons and many other organs. Overuse will lead to gathering of antibiotics in the lysosomes which can create metabolic alterations.
Ways of Avoiding the Side-effects
The overuse must be avoided at the first place to avoid any of the side-effects for controlling the overuse, the person must try to manipulate the use of antibiotic by himself/herself and not just solely depend on the doctor. Few suggestions are mentioned below to avoid the formation of resistance:
- It is not necessary to consult a doctor every time one has cold, cough or the flu. It usually goes away in a span of two weeks.
- One must ask if the medication given by the doctor is an absolute necessity for the situation and if it is a viral or a bacterial infection.
- The use of the antibiotics must be proper as instructed by the doctor.