Antibiotic Resistant Disease - Man Made Problem
Denmark has been affected by the Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (antibiotic-resistant bacteria). Many patients suffering from liver and cancer diseases have died earlier resulting from this. People infected by ESBLs have increased to 50% last year. According to Medical practitioners, they came from pigs. Due to the amount of antibiotics used in agriculture, we have formed a resistance to it.
Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamases (ESBLs)
These are enzymes created by few kinds of bacteria which create the bacteria resistance to the antibiotics which are commonly used for treatment. It was discovered in the 1980s. Recently people are seen to be affected by it which wasn’t a major concern earlier. ESBL produces E. Coli which has been found to be resistant to cephalosporins and penicillins. They are becoming frequently seen in urinary tract infections. The various species of bacteria that can produce this are:
- K. Oxytoca
- K. Pneumonia
- Proteus mirabilis
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
The Actual Problem
A study by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) found that Methicillin-resistance Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) killed about 18,600 people. On the other hand HIV/AIDS killed about 17,000 people in the same year.
How Antibiotic Resistance Disease is a Man Made Problem
Antibiotics were miss-used by the agriculture industry. It was through which people consumed antibiotics the most. This is the main cause for the antibiotic resistance. Pigs were found to be the origin of ESBL and MRSA. For disease prevention as well as the promotion of the growth, animals have been always provided with antibiotics at low doses.
In spite of the discovery Denmark’s officials haven’t been successful in finding out why the veterinarians and farmers are being affected by this disease.
The lower digestive tract is said to be the reservoir of these specific organisms and can continue remaining inside the gastrointestinal tract too for months.
Hence, it can be understood that the meat industry has been a potential immediate cause in developing this antibiotic-resistance among bacteria which can cause many human diseases. There has been a long deadlock due to the controversy of bad politics and strong science. The usage of fluoroquinolones was even banned from any agricultural use in the year 1997. The Bayer Corporation has been in the opposition screaming and kicking for a while as the livestock has been a big business. The market was not easy to replace.
Different Agricultural Sources of Antibiotics
Raised chicken is also a meat product that might be spreading antibiotics into the humans through the food chain. Many people became resistant to Synercid, an antibiotic mainly used for cure to antibiotic resistant bacteria. It can make people unaffected to those kinds of antibiotic drugs that are used at the last resort. Manure also does the work of transferring antibiotics in the body of humans through the food we eat.
Ways of Avoiding the Antibiotic Exposure in Excess
Knowing the local farmer near the living setting is the best way after growing the food by our own. Many community-supportive agriculture programs help in providing locally grown and safe foods to the urban locations.